Pasture Management
Forage grass and legume performance varies depending on environmental conditions. No single forage type or variety is best in all environments.  The adaptation of a species, or its potential longevity in the field, is determined greatly by genetic cold-hardiness traits, and its tolerance of other site, soil and use conditions. Soil drainage and their relative tolerance of low soil fertility or pH conditions often limit the persistence of legumes. For example, Alfalfa does not do well in poor drainage or low pH.  Lespedeza on the other hand performs well in any drainage and prefers low pH.
When selecting a forage species, or several species for use in a seed mixture, first consider their appropriateness for the intended use (pasture, hay, etc.) and for the expected time spent on the site.
 
Among other factors that affect the suitability of a forage species:
• Drought tolerance
• Soil pH level
• Fertilizer nutrient requirements
• Soil drainage
• Intensity
• Harvest or grazing
 
Mixtures of legumes and grasses often give the best overall performance for pasture and multi-use hay/pasture meadows.  Yields tend to be greater with mixtures than with either a grass or legume alone.  Mixtures of two or three well-chosen legumes or grasses are usually more desirable than mixtures that include five or six.  Each selected grass and legume in the mixture should have a specific purpose. Southern FS locations in Harrisburg (Country Depot), Marion, Macedonia, Anna and Pinckneyville can custom blend your small seeds to fit your needs.
Timely planting, careful attention to good seeding technique and using high quality seed are the best management strategies for improving seedling survival rates.
 
Some of the seeds we offer are ryegrass, clovers, winter peas, millets, alfalfas, canary grass, birdsfoot trefoil, hairy vetch, lespedezas, orchardgrass, bromegrass, timothy, kentucky bluegrass, ryegrass, fescue, buckwheat, rape seed, triticale, native grasses, turnips, teff grass, chicory, radishes, sudangrass, festulolium, and sugar beets.
 
Call or come in to your local Southern FS for expert advice on seeding recommendations and rates.
  We have the forage species you are looking for.